Documenting Louisiana’s endangered coastal cemeteries
“They told me to take a streetcar named Desire, and then transfer to one called Cemeteries...” Tennessee Williams’ troubled heroine Blanche Dubois thus used New Orleans’ cemeteries as a landmark to find her way through the city in “A Streetcar Named Desire,” as have many others, not only to mark a physical place, but also to mark a cultural note in time. Throughout literature, music and history, New Orleans’ cemeteries, and those of southern and coastal regions of the state, Louisiana’s “Cities of the Dead” are, simply put, iconic.But with rising sea waters and the loss of land along the Gulf Coast, many of these remarkable low-lying burial grounds are being lost.
Louisiana natives and passionate historians Jessica H. Shexnayder and Mary H. Manhein document the unique cemeteries, burial plots, tombs and more in their photo-rich new book, “Fragile Grounds, Louisiana’s Endangered Cemeteries.”
Writer and photographer Shexnayder and Manhein, retired director of the Forensic Anthropology and Computer Enhancement Services at Louisiana State University, use their academic backgrounds and experience to give readers a history of the laws and land, an overview of burial customs found throughout the area, as well as and in-depth look at coastal cemeteries and those upstate.
“Writing ‘Fragile Grounds’ was important because cemeteries provide a source of comfort and remembrance for the living and are an invaluable resource for capturing Louisiana’s cultural history,” Schexnayder said. “Names on headstones detail the state’s coastal immigration patterns and reflect a diverse population of ethnicities from throughout the world. Yet, hurricanes, storm surge, subsidence, flooding and rapid erosion of the land create a dim future for these sites. As the land erodes and is inundated by seawater, the state loses its cultural fabric.”
From mausoleums, caveau (vaults), society tombs and tabletop burials, Louisiana’s burial customs including, heritage form Native Americans, French, Spanish, African, German, Islenos and Vietnamese, are in danger from land loss and coastal erosion. While immigration away from flood plains is not new to people that inhabit areas prone to flooding and natural changing landscapes, the increase in the rate of land loss has made the mission to document and appreciate these precious areas even more important, according to Schexnayder.
“Our mission in writing this book was to explain how Louisiana’s burial sites link the fragile land to the frailty of the state’s threatened community structures,” she said. “As people are forced inland due to coastal dynamics, cemeteries may become neglected and abandoned. Others have been taken by eminent domain. ‘Fragile Grounds’ is a wake-up call to the rapid demise of our endangered burial grounds, an element of Louisiana’s cultural heritage that once lost cannot be recovered.”
Manhein echoed Schexnayder’s thoughts, reflecting on her own experience living and working in the area and watching it swiftly wash away.
“As someone who grew up in the rural South in North Louisiana, I have always appreciated the value of maintaining a tangible link to the past through the cemeteries that are so much a part of our history,” she said. “Since moving to South Louisiana more than 40 years ago and working in bioarchaeology, I have witnessed the loss of this part of Louisiana’s cultural landscape at an alarming rate through coastal erosion and other factors over which we have no control. Our research has helped in some small way to make people more aware of this cultural dilemma. Though Jessica and I are unable to save the cemeteries, we can preserve some of their history, and the history of their community through this publication.”
By Jessica H. Schexnayder and Mary H. Manhein
University of Mississippi Press, 148 p., $30.
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